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Abb. 1 Type 2 diabetes in African populations

Abb. 1 Factor loadings for the two identified dietary patterns in the Kumasi Diabetes and ... mehr

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Stand: 16.07.2018 08:18:45

Abteilung Molekulare Epidemiologie (MEP)

Projekt 4 : Type 2 diabetes in African populations

Type 2 diabetes and obesity have reached the African continent with the highest global rate of increase besides countries in the Arabian Peninsula. Together with the Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health (Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin), we assessed nutritional behavior, physical activity, socioeconomic status, and clinical parameters in an African population from Ghana, West Africa. In a recent analysis we were able to identify two major dietary patterns (Fig.1) which describe food consumption in this population: a ’purchase’ pattern (positively correlated with sweets, rice, meat, fruits and vegetables) and a ’traditional’ pattern (high intake of fruits, plantain, green leafy vegetables, fish, fermented maize products and palm oil). Our results indicate that the ’purchase’ dietary pattern was inversely associated with type 2 diabetes while the ’traditional’ dietary pattern increased the odds of diabetes.

In the RODAM Study (Risk of Obesity and Diabetes in African Migrants) funded by the European Commission, study participants have been recruited in five regions until the end of 2014: rural and urban Ghana, Amsterdam, London, and Berlin. The aim of the RODAM study is to identify the relative contributions of lifestyle, biochemical determinants, and (epi)genetic factors to the risk of type 2 diabetes in African migrant populations.

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